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Demografik Faktörlerin Girişimcilik Eğilimi Üzerine Etkisi: Aksaray Üniversitesi ve Uşak Üniversitesi Örneği

Year 2022, Volume 14, Issue 4, 365 - 374, 29.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834

Abstract

Girişimcilik, ekonomik motivasyonlardan ziyade psikolojik olarak başarma arzusundan etkilenir. (Yılmaz, Sünbül, 2009: 197) Girişimcilik ruhu ve girişimcilik eğilimleri birçok faktöre bağlıdır.Bu çalışmada öğrencilerin girişimcilik eğilimi ölçeğine verdikleri yanıtlar demografik özellikler açısından incelenmiştir. Girişimcilik eğiliminin üç alt boyutu olan öğrencilerin yaratıcılıkları, çalışma yöntemleri ve kişisel doyumları açısından iki üniversite öğrencileri arasında anlamlı bir fark olmadığı görülmüştür. Meslek yüksekokulu öğrencileri ile üniversite öğrencileri arasında girişimcilik eğilimi ve alt boyutları açısından anlamlı bir fark yoktur. Çalışma yöntemi ve kişisel tatmin açısından cinsiyetler arasında anlamlı bir fark bulunmamaktadır. Ancak yaratıcılık açısından cinsiyetler arasında anlamlı bir fark bulunmuştur. Bölümler arasında anlamlı bir fark görülmemiştir. Yaratıcılık ve kişisel tatmin alt boyutları açısından üniversite birinci sınıf ile ikinci sınıf öğrencileri arasında anlamlı bir fark olduğu görülmüştür. Bunun nedeni 2. Sınıf öğrencilerinin üniversite hayatına daha iyi adapte olmaları ve gerçekçi planlarla iş hayatı hakkında daha iyi fikirler geliştirebilmeleri olabilir. Yaş grupları arasında girişimcilik eğilimleri açısından anlamlı bir fark yoktur. Bunun nedeni 1996-2010 yılları arasında doğmuş olan Z kuşağına mensup olmaları olabilir (Gürbüz; 2015: 40). Gelir grupları arasında girişimcilik eğilimi açısından anlamlı bir farklılık bulunamamaktadır. Bu durum, gelir gruplarının yakınlığından kaynaklanıyor olabilir şeklinde değerlendirilmiştir.

References

  • Ahmetoglu, G., Scarlett, L., Codreanu, S. C., & Chamorro-Premuzi, T. (2020). The Impact of Organizational Structure and Work Autonomy In Fostering Entrepreneurial Tendencies and Job Performance. Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forufor Empirical Scholarship, 8 (1) , 128-143, https://doi.org/10.1108/EBHRM-11-2018-0070.
  • Aldrich, H. E., & Cliff, J. E. (2003). The Pervasive Effects of Family on Entrepreneurship: Toward a Family Embeddedness Perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 5, 573-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(03)00011-9.
  • Bannor, R. K., Ros-Tonen, M. A. F., Mensah, P. O., Derkyi, M., & Nassah., V. F. (2021). Entrepreneurial Behaviour Among Non-timber Forest Product-growing Farmers In Ghana: An Analysis in Support of a Reforestation Policy. Forest Policy and Economics, 122 (2021) 102331.
  • Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intention. The Academy of Management Review,13(3), 442-453.
  • Demirel, E. T. (2003). Girişimcilik Kültürü. Malatya: İnönü Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İşletme Ana Bilim Dalı, Yönetim ve Organizasyon Bilim Dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi /Malatya, İnönü University, Social Sciences Institute, Business Administration, Management and Organisation, Post Graduate Dissertation.
  • Demirel, E. T. (2013). Yaşam Amaçlarının Girişimcilik Düşüncesini Biçimlendirmesi. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi /Journal of Elektronical Social Sciences, 12(45), 123 – 143.
  • Demirel, E. T., & Tikici, M. (2010). Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Girişimcilik Özelliklerinin Beyin Baskınlık Analizi İle Değerlendirilmesi: İnönü Üniversitesi İ.İ.B.F. İşletme Bölümü Örneği. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi /Journal of Elektronical Social Sciences, http://www.esosder.com. 9(32), 250 - 283.
  • Demirel, E. T., Tikici, M., Türk, M. & Akbıyık, N. (2007). Kültürün Girişimciliğe Etkileri: Malatya Örneği. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım (Nobel Publication).
  • Demirel, E. T. & Tikici, M. (2004). Kültürün Girişimciliğe Etkileri, Fırat Üniversitesi Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi Araştırmaları Dergisi /Fırat University, Journal of Eastern Anatolian Region Research. 2(3), 49 – 58.
  • Dhahri, S., Sana Slimani, S., & Omri, A. (2021). Behavioral Entrepreneurship For Achieving The Sustainable Development Goals. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 165 (2021) 120561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120561.
  • Estelami, H. (2019). The Effects of Need For Cognition, Gender, Risk Preferences and Marketing Education on Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 22 (1), 93-109.
  • Gu, W., & Zheng, X. (2021). An Empirical Study on The Impact of Sustainable Entrepreneurship: Based on The Environmental Kuznets Model. Journal of Business Research, 123, 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.10.011.
  • Gürbüz, Sait. (2015). Kuşak Farklılıkları: Mit mi, Gerçek mi? Generational Differences: A Myth or Reality? İş ve İnsan Dergisi / The Journal of Human and Work, April, Cilt-Sayı / Volume-Issue: 2 (1) ss ǀ pp: 39-57.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2013). Multivariate Data Analysis. Pearson Education Limited.
  • Hausmann, A., & Heinze, A. (2016). Entrepreneurship In The Cultural and Creative Industries: Insights from an Emergent Field. A Journal of Entrepreneurship in the Arts, 5 (2),7-22.
  • Hisrich, R. D., & Peters, M. P. (2002). Entrepreneurship. U.S.A.: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
  • Karabulut, A. T. (2016). Personality Traits on Entrepreneurial Intention. 5th International Conference on Leadership, Technology, Innovation and Business Management . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 229 ( 2016 ) 12 – 21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.109.
  • Mahmoud, Y., Makoond, A., & Naik, A. (2017). Entrepreneurship for Sustaining Peace, International Peace Institute, 1-6.
  • Ratten, V. & Jones, P. (2020). Entrepreneurship And Management Education: Exploring Trends and Gaps. The International Journal of Management Education, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2020.100431.
  • Smit, A. B., (2004). Changing External Conditions Require High Levels of Entrepreneurship In Agriculture. Acta Hortic, 655, 167–173. https://doi.org/10.17660/ ActaHortic.2004.655.21.
  • Smith, R. M., Sardeshmukh, S.R., & Combs, G.M. (2015). Understanding Gender, Creativity, and Entrepreneurial Intentions. Education + Training, 58 (3), 263-282, doi. 10.1108/ET-06-2015-0044.
  • Tiantian Liu, T., Walley, K., Pugh, G., & Adkins, P. (2019). Entrepreneurship Education In China Evidence From a Preliminary Scoping Study Of Enterprising Tendency in Chinese University Students. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies,12(2),305-326. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-01-20190006.
  • Udimal, T. B., Luo, M., Liu, E., & Mensah, N. O. (2020). How Has Formal Institutions Influenced Opportunity and Necessity Entrepreneurship?The Case Of Brics Economies. Heliyon, 6 (2020) e04931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04931.
  • Yao, X., Wu, X. & Long, D. (2015). University Students’ Entrepreneurial Tendency In China Effect of Students’ Perceived Entrepreneurial Environment. Emerging Economies, 8(1), 60-81. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-03-2015-0021.
  • Yılmaz, E., & Sünbül, A. (2009). Üniversite Öğrencilerine Yönelik Girişimcilik Ölçeğinin Geliştirilmesi, Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi/ Journal of Selçuk University Social Sciences Institute, v.21, p.195-203.
  • Yuan, Z. (2018). Research On The Influencing Factors of Traditional Entrepreneurial Curriculum on College Students' Entrepreneurial Tendency. 2018 4th International Conference on Education, Management and Information Technology (ICEMIT 2018), 519-522.

The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University

Year 2022, Volume 14, Issue 4, 365 - 374, 29.12.2022
https://doi.org/10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834

Abstract

Entrepreneurship is influenced by the desire to achieve psychologically rather than economic motivations. (Yılmaz, Sünbül, 2009: 197) Entrepreneurship spirit and entrepreneurship tendencies are affected by many factors. In this study, the responses of students to the entrepreneurial tendency scale were examined in terms of demographic characteristics. It was observed that there was no significant difference between the two universities in terms of student’s creativity, their working methods and personal satisfaction, which are the three sub-dimensions of the entrepreneurship tendency. There was no significant difference among the genders in terms of working method and personal satisfaction. However, there was a significant difference between the genders in terms of creativity. We found that there was a significant difference between the first year and the second year of study among the creativity and personal satisfaction sub-dimensions. This could be cause that the students are better adapted to the university life and they could develop better ideas about business life with realistic plans. No significant difference was found among the income groups in terms of entrepreneurship tendency. This might be caused by the proximity of the income groups.

References

  • Ahmetoglu, G., Scarlett, L., Codreanu, S. C., & Chamorro-Premuzi, T. (2020). The Impact of Organizational Structure and Work Autonomy In Fostering Entrepreneurial Tendencies and Job Performance. Evidence-based HRM: a Global Forufor Empirical Scholarship, 8 (1) , 128-143, https://doi.org/10.1108/EBHRM-11-2018-0070.
  • Aldrich, H. E., & Cliff, J. E. (2003). The Pervasive Effects of Family on Entrepreneurship: Toward a Family Embeddedness Perspective. Journal of Business Venturing, 18, 5, 573-596. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0883-9026(03)00011-9.
  • Bannor, R. K., Ros-Tonen, M. A. F., Mensah, P. O., Derkyi, M., & Nassah., V. F. (2021). Entrepreneurial Behaviour Among Non-timber Forest Product-growing Farmers In Ghana: An Analysis in Support of a Reforestation Policy. Forest Policy and Economics, 122 (2021) 102331.
  • Bird, B. (1988). Implementing Entrepreneurial Ideas: The Case for Intention. The Academy of Management Review,13(3), 442-453.
  • Demirel, E. T. (2003). Girişimcilik Kültürü. Malatya: İnönü Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İşletme Ana Bilim Dalı, Yönetim ve Organizasyon Bilim Dalı, Yüksek Lisans Tezi /Malatya, İnönü University, Social Sciences Institute, Business Administration, Management and Organisation, Post Graduate Dissertation.
  • Demirel, E. T. (2013). Yaşam Amaçlarının Girişimcilik Düşüncesini Biçimlendirmesi. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi /Journal of Elektronical Social Sciences, 12(45), 123 – 143.
  • Demirel, E. T., & Tikici, M. (2010). Üniversite Öğrencilerinin Girişimcilik Özelliklerinin Beyin Baskınlık Analizi İle Değerlendirilmesi: İnönü Üniversitesi İ.İ.B.F. İşletme Bölümü Örneği. Elektronik Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi /Journal of Elektronical Social Sciences, http://www.esosder.com. 9(32), 250 - 283.
  • Demirel, E. T., Tikici, M., Türk, M. & Akbıyık, N. (2007). Kültürün Girişimciliğe Etkileri: Malatya Örneği. Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım (Nobel Publication).
  • Demirel, E. T. & Tikici, M. (2004). Kültürün Girişimciliğe Etkileri, Fırat Üniversitesi Doğu Anadolu Bölgesi Araştırmaları Dergisi /Fırat University, Journal of Eastern Anatolian Region Research. 2(3), 49 – 58.
  • Dhahri, S., Sana Slimani, S., & Omri, A. (2021). Behavioral Entrepreneurship For Achieving The Sustainable Development Goals. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 165 (2021) 120561. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120561.
  • Estelami, H. (2019). The Effects of Need For Cognition, Gender, Risk Preferences and Marketing Education on Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Research in Marketing and Entrepreneurship, 22 (1), 93-109.
  • Gu, W., & Zheng, X. (2021). An Empirical Study on The Impact of Sustainable Entrepreneurship: Based on The Environmental Kuznets Model. Journal of Business Research, 123, 613–624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.10.011.
  • Gürbüz, Sait. (2015). Kuşak Farklılıkları: Mit mi, Gerçek mi? Generational Differences: A Myth or Reality? İş ve İnsan Dergisi / The Journal of Human and Work, April, Cilt-Sayı / Volume-Issue: 2 (1) ss ǀ pp: 39-57.
  • Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2013). Multivariate Data Analysis. Pearson Education Limited.
  • Hausmann, A., & Heinze, A. (2016). Entrepreneurship In The Cultural and Creative Industries: Insights from an Emergent Field. A Journal of Entrepreneurship in the Arts, 5 (2),7-22.
  • Hisrich, R. D., & Peters, M. P. (2002). Entrepreneurship. U.S.A.: McGraw-Hill Irwin.
  • Karabulut, A. T. (2016). Personality Traits on Entrepreneurial Intention. 5th International Conference on Leadership, Technology, Innovation and Business Management . Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences 229 ( 2016 ) 12 – 21. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.109.
  • Mahmoud, Y., Makoond, A., & Naik, A. (2017). Entrepreneurship for Sustaining Peace, International Peace Institute, 1-6.
  • Ratten, V. & Jones, P. (2020). Entrepreneurship And Management Education: Exploring Trends and Gaps. The International Journal of Management Education, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijme.2020.100431.
  • Smit, A. B., (2004). Changing External Conditions Require High Levels of Entrepreneurship In Agriculture. Acta Hortic, 655, 167–173. https://doi.org/10.17660/ ActaHortic.2004.655.21.
  • Smith, R. M., Sardeshmukh, S.R., & Combs, G.M. (2015). Understanding Gender, Creativity, and Entrepreneurial Intentions. Education + Training, 58 (3), 263-282, doi. 10.1108/ET-06-2015-0044.
  • Tiantian Liu, T., Walley, K., Pugh, G., & Adkins, P. (2019). Entrepreneurship Education In China Evidence From a Preliminary Scoping Study Of Enterprising Tendency in Chinese University Students. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies,12(2),305-326. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-01-20190006.
  • Udimal, T. B., Luo, M., Liu, E., & Mensah, N. O. (2020). How Has Formal Institutions Influenced Opportunity and Necessity Entrepreneurship?The Case Of Brics Economies. Heliyon, 6 (2020) e04931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04931.
  • Yao, X., Wu, X. & Long, D. (2015). University Students’ Entrepreneurial Tendency In China Effect of Students’ Perceived Entrepreneurial Environment. Emerging Economies, 8(1), 60-81. https://doi.org/10.1108/JEEE-03-2015-0021.
  • Yılmaz, E., & Sünbül, A. (2009). Üniversite Öğrencilerine Yönelik Girişimcilik Ölçeğinin Geliştirilmesi, Selcuk Universitesi Sosyal Bilimler Enstitusu Dergisi/ Journal of Selçuk University Social Sciences Institute, v.21, p.195-203.
  • Yuan, Z. (2018). Research On The Influencing Factors of Traditional Entrepreneurial Curriculum on College Students' Entrepreneurial Tendency. 2018 4th International Conference on Education, Management and Information Technology (ICEMIT 2018), 519-522.

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Management
Journal Section Research Article
Authors

Elif Hasret KUMCU> (Primary Author)
Aksaray Üniversitesi
0000-0003-2732-7006
Türkiye


Makbule Hürmet ÇETİNEL>
UŞAK ÜNİVERSİTESİ
0000-0003-3260-7432
Türkiye

Publication Date December 29, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022, Volume 14, Issue 4

Cite

Bibtex @research article { aksarayiibd937834, journal = {Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi}, eissn = {2687-3427}, address = {Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergi Editörlüğü Kampus 68100 AKSARAY}, publisher = {Aksaray University}, year = {2022}, volume = {14}, number = {4}, pages = {365 - 374}, doi = {10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834}, title = {The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University}, key = {cite}, author = {Kumcu, Elif Hasret and Çetinel, Makbule Hürmet} }
APA Kumcu, E. H. & Çetinel, M. H. (2022). The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University . Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi , 14 (4) , 365-374 . DOI: 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834
MLA Kumcu, E. H. , Çetinel, M. H. "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University" . Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2022 ): 365-374 <http://aksarayiibd.aksaray.edu.tr/en/pub/issue/74487/937834>
Chicago Kumcu, E. H. , Çetinel, M. H. "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University". Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 14 (2022 ): 365-374
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University AU - Elif HasretKumcu, Makbule HürmetÇetinel Y1 - 2022 PY - 2022 N1 - doi: 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834 DO - 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834 T2 - Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 365 EP - 374 VL - 14 IS - 4 SN - -2687-3427 M3 - doi: 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834 UR - https://doi.org/10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834 Y2 - 2022 ER -
EndNote %0 Journal of Aksaray University Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University %A Elif Hasret Kumcu , Makbule Hürmet Çetinel %T The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University %D 2022 %J Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi %P -2687-3427 %V 14 %N 4 %R doi: 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834 %U 10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834
ISNAD Kumcu, Elif Hasret , Çetinel, Makbule Hürmet . "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University". Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi 14 / 4 (December 2022): 365-374 . https://doi.org/10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834
AMA Kumcu E. H. , Çetinel M. H. The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University. Journal of ASU FEAS. 2022; 14(4): 365-374.
Vancouver Kumcu E. H. , Çetinel M. H. The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University. Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi. 2022; 14(4): 365-374.
IEEE E. H. Kumcu and M. H. Çetinel , "The Effect of Demographic Factors on Entrepreneurship Tendency: The Case of Aksaray University and Usak University", Aksaray Üniversitesi İktisadi ve İdari Bilimler Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 365-374, Dec. 2022, doi:10.52791/aksarayiibd.937834